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Ancient Greek sculptures. The most famous sculptures are TOP10.

Ancient Greek sculptures. The most famous sculptures – TOP10.

When planning a trip to Greece, many people are interested not only in comfortable hotels, but also in the fascinating history of this ancient country, an integral part of which are objects of art..

A large number of treatises by well-known art critics are devoted specifically to ancient Greek sculpture, as the fundamental branch of world culture. Unfortunately, many monuments of that time did not survive in their original form, and are known from later copies. Studying them, you can trace the history of the development of Greek art from the Homeric period to the Hellenistic era, and highlight the brightest and most famous creations of each period..

Aphrodite of Milo.

The world famous Aphrodite from the island of Milos dates back to the Hellenistic period of Greek art. At this time, by the forces of Alexander the Great, the culture of Hellas began to spread far beyond the Balkan Peninsula, which was noticeably reflected in the visual arts. – sculptures, paintings and frescoes have become more realistic, the faces of the gods on them have human features – relaxed poses, distracted gaze, soft smile.

The statue of Aphrodite, or as the Romans called it, Venus, is made of snow-white marble. Its height is slightly more than human height, and is 2.03 meters. The statue was discovered by chance by an ordinary French sailor, who in 1820, together with a local peasant, dug Aphrodite near the remains of an ancient amphitheater on the island of Milos.

During its transportation and customs disputes, the statue lost its arms and pedestal, but a record of the author of the masterpiece indicated on it has been preserved: Agesander, son of a resident of Antioch Menides.

Today, after careful restoration, Aphrodite is exhibited in the Parisian Louvre, attracting millions of tourists with her natural beauty every year..

Nika of Samothrace.

The time when the statue of the goddess of victory Nike was created dates back to the 2nd century BC. Studies have shown that Nika was installed above the sea coast on a sheer cliff. – her marble clothes flutter as if from the wind, and the tilt of the body personifies a constant forward movement. The thinnest folds of clothing cover the strong body of the goddess, and powerful wings are spread in joy and triumph of victory.

The head and arms have not survived, although fragments were unearthed during excavations in 1950. In particular, Karl Lehmann with a group of archaeologists found the right hand of the goddess. Nika of Samothrace is now one of the outstanding exhibits of the Louvre.

Her hand was never added to the general exposition, only the right wing, which was made of plaster, was restored.

Laocoon and his sons.

Sculptural composition depicting the mortal struggle of Laocoon – the priest of the god Apollo and his sons with two snakes sent by Apollo in revenge for the fact that Laocoon did not listen to his will, and tried to prevent the introduction of the Trojan horse into the city.

The statue was made of bronze, but its original has not survived to this day. In the 15th century, on the territory «golden house» A marble copy of the sculpture was found of Nero, and by order of Pope Julius II it was installed in a separate niche of the Vatican Belvedere. In 1798, the statue of Laocoon was transported to Paris, but after the fall of Napoleon’s rule, the British returned it to its original place, where it is kept to this day..

The composition, depicting Laocoon’s desperate dying struggle with divine punishment, inspired many sculptors of the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, and gave rise to the fashion for the display of complex, vortex-like movements of the human body in the visual arts..

Zeus from Cape Artemision.

The statue, found by divers near Cape Artemision, is made of bronze and is one of the few pieces of art of this type that has survived to this day in its original form. Researchers disagree about the belonging of the sculpture specifically to Zeus, believing that it can also depict the god of the seas, Poseidon..

The statue has a height of 2.09 m, and depicts the supreme walnut god, who raised his right hand in order to throw lightning in righteous anger. The lightning itself has not survived, but the numerous smaller figures show that it looked like a flat, highly elongated bronze disc..

After almost two thousand years of being under water, the statue was hardly damaged. Only the eyes disappeared, which were supposedly ivory and inlaid with precious stones. You can see this work of art in the National Archaeological Museum, which is located in Athens..

Statue of Diadumen.

A marble replica of a bronze statue of a youth who crowns himself with a diadem – a symbol of a sporting victory, probably adorned the venue of competitions in Olympia or Delphi. The diadem at that time was a red woolen headband, which, along with laurel wreaths, was awarded to the winners of the Olympic Games. The author of the work – Polycletus, performed it in his favorite style – the young man is in easy movement, his face reflects complete calmness and concentration. The athlete behaves like a deserved winner – he does not show fatigue, although his body requires rest after a fight. In sculpture, the author managed to very naturally convey not only small elements, but also the general position of the body, correctly distributing the mass of the figure.

The full proportionality of the body is the pinnacle of the development of this period. – classicism of the 5th century.

Although the bronze original has not survived to our time, copies of it can be seen in many museums around the world. – National Archaeological Museum of Athens, Louvre, Metropolitan, British Museum.

Aphrodite Braschi.

The marble statue of Aphrodite depicts the goddess of love, who was naked before taking her legendary, often described in myths, bath, returning her virginity. Aphrodite in her left hand is holding the removed clothes, which are gently lowered onto a jug standing next to her. From an engineering point of view, this solution made the fragile statue more stable and gave the sculptor the opportunity to give it a more relaxed pose.

The uniqueness of Aphrodite Braschi is that this is the first known statue of a goddess, the author of which decided to portray her naked, which at one time was considered an unheard of insolence.

There are legends according to which the sculptor Praxitel created Aphrodite in the image of his beloved – Phryne’s getters. When her former admirer, the orator Eutyas, found out about this, he raised a scandal, as a result of which Praxiteles was accused of unforgivable blasphemy. At the trial, the defense attorney, seeing that his arguments did not match the impressions of the judge, pulled off Frina’s clothes to show those present that such a perfect model’s body simply cannot harbor a dark soul.

The judges, being adherents of the concept of kalokagaty, were forced to fully acquit the defendants.

The original statue was taken to Constantinople, where he died in a fire. Many copies of Aphrodite have survived to our time, but they all have their own differences, since they were restored from verbal and written descriptions and images on coins.

Marathon youth.

The statue of a young man is made of bronze, and presumably depicts the Greek god Hermes, although there are no preconditions or his attributes in the hands or clothes of the young man. The sculpture was raised from the bottom of the Marathon Bay in 1925, and since that time has been added to the exposition of the National Archaeological Museum in Athens. Due to the fact that the statue was under water for a long time, all its features are very well preserved..

The style in which the statue is made gives the style of the famous sculptor Praxiteles. The young man stands in a relaxed position, his hand rests on the wall, where the figure was installed.

Discus thrower.

The statue of the ancient Greek sculptor Myron has not survived in its original form, but is widely known throughout the world thanks to bronze and marble copies. The sculpture is unique in that for the first time a person was captured on it in a complex, dynamic movement. Such a bold decision of the author served as a vivid example for his followers, who, with no less success, created objects of art in the style «Figura serpentinata» — a special technique depicting a person or an animal in an often unnatural, tense, but very expressive, from the point of view of an observer, posture.

Delphic charioteer.

The bronze sculpture of the charioteer was discovered during excavations in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi, and is a classic example of ancient art. The figure depicts an ancient Greek youth driving a cart during the Pythian Games .

The uniqueness of the sculpture lies in the fact that the inlay of the eyes with precious stones has been preserved. The young man’s eyelashes and lips are decorated with copper, and the headband is made of silver, and presumably also had inlay.

The time of the sculpture’s creation, in theory, is at the junction of the archaic and early classics – her posture is characterized by stiffness and lack of any hint of movement, but her head and face are made with quite a lot of realism. As in later sculptures.

Athena Parthenos.

The majestic statue of the goddess Athena has not survived to our time, but there are many copies of it, restored according to ancient descriptions. The sculpture was entirely made of ivory and gold, without the use of stone or bronze, and stood in the main temple of Athens – Parthenon. The hallmark of the goddess – high helmet decorated with three combs.

The history of the creation of the statue was not without fatal moments: on the shield of the goddess, the sculptor Phidias, in addition to depicting the battle with the Amazons, placed his portrait in the form of a weak old man who lifts a heavy stone with both hands. The public of that time ambiguously assessed the act of Phidias, which cost him his life – the sculptor was imprisoned, where he took his own life with the help of poison.

Greek culture has become a pioneer in the development of the visual arts around the world. Even today, looking at some modern paintings and statues, one can find the influence of this ancient culture..

Ancient Hellas became the cradle in which the cult

of human beauty in its physical, moral and intellectual manifestation was actively nurtured. The inhabitants of Greece at that time not only worshiped many Olympic gods, but also tried to resemble them as much as possible. All this is displayed in bronze and marble statues. – they not only convey the image of a person or a deity, but also make them close to each other.

Although very many of the statues have not survived to the present day, exact copies of them can be seen in many museums around the world..

see also.

The great Macedonian king-conqueror, one of the greatest commanders of all times and peoples. Having completed the conquest of Greece, Alexander began to fulfill his most lofty goal – to conquer the world.

In which state of ancient Greece a woman was revered for her inability to cook?

Holidays in Athens.

Athens is the legendary capital of Greece, which bears the name of the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom. This city is considered the cradle of a great civilization, the symbol of which is the chic ensemble of the Acropolis. Athens includes the ancient city, suburbs, central areas and the port of Piraeus.

In the central part of Athens there are several hills: Lycabetus, with the picturesque church of St. George at the very top and the Acropolis hill with the Parthenon and ancient buildings.

Monasteries of Mount Athos. Iveron, Iversky monastery.

The Iversky Monastery (Iviron) is a Greek Orthodox monastery for men, which ranks third in importance among the Athonite monasteries. Iviron is located in the northeastern part of the peninsula, and was founded at the end of the 10th century by Georgian monks (in 980-983).

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