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Types of car headlights.

Types of car headlights.

Among the electrical equipment, headlights are considered a very important element, since no, even the most advanced electronics, helps to qualitatively improve visibility at night or in heavy fog. Therefore, it depends on the types of car headlights how safe the trip will be, and every car owner must understand this. Depending on the location of the headlights, there are front and rear, but it is the former that are considered priority. By their functionality, they are divided into several classes:

high beam headlamps capable of providing comfortable light at a distance of up to 300 meters, even at high speeds;

low beam optics, which shine brightly (up to 50 meters), but only in a limited space;

fog lights, which are additional lamps used in bad weather conditions; their main drawback is that such car headlights, the types of which may be different in design, when used with dipped beam headlights, greatly blind other drivers;

daytime running lights – they help to additionally mark the car in poor visibility conditions;

side lights installed both front and rear.

In turn, according to the principle of operation, car headlights are divided into 3 groups – halogen, xenon and LED. Their prices are very different, but still the most interesting are the LEDs that have appeared recently. However, it is worth considering in more detail other types of light optics for cars, because they are still installed even on premium imported models..

Halogen.

This type of automotive optics is considered the most popular due to the simplicity of the principles of operation and the large range of prices per kit. That is, you can pick them up for any budget, which is very popular with car owners. For this reason, they are often equipped with cars right on the conveyor, although in terms of color temperature and brightness, halogens are inferior to more modern LED and xenon headlights..

The name of the headlights comes from the light source, which is a lamp filled with halogens of various gases. That is, in fact, it is simply an improved version of the incandescent lamp used for side lights and headlights. As for head optics



, there are several of its varieties. – combined and divided. The divided one uses 2 halogen lamps with one filament, allowing you to switch the light from low to high and vice versa.

In the second case, there are two incandescent filaments, but one lamp. However, this also allows you to effectively switch lighting modes..

Now in car dealerships you can buy halogen headlights with increased light output, achieved by adding xenon to the gas mixture. Moreover, you can generally replace halogens with xenon optics, since two types of optics have universal bases. However, it is not worthwhile to carry out such alteration yourself, since in the absence of appropriate documentation, the owner of the car faces a fine.

Xenon.

These types of car headlights have a large number of constituent elements, but they have improved characteristics. However, to install xenon, you need a lot of space under the hood, and this should be taken into account. Probably for this reason, such optics are mainly mounted on premium cars, and the high price for a standard kit also plays a role. But in comparison with halogen, xenon has its own advantages:

low power consumption;

different color temperatures, from standard yellowish-white light to bright blue;

extended operational period – over 3500 hours;

the possibility of using a plastic lens, since this type of headlights practically does not heat up.

Among the few disadvantages of using xenon optics is the mandatory use of washers and correctors. If you do not follow this rule, then the light will be of poor quality, and the trip in the dark – dangerous. In addition, the headlamp requires an ignition unit for operation, although this, in general, cannot be considered a disadvantage. It’s just that this fact complicates the design of xenon optics, and the more components it contains, the greater the risk of breakage.

Finally, the xenon kit requires expert installation along with painstaking adjustments..

LED.

Such headlights have appeared relatively recently, but they have already won recognition from motorists as the best lighting elements. However, they are not installed by all car manufacturers as head optics, although the principle of operation of lamps is the same for all. Moreover, it should be borne in mind that LED headlights and LED lamps – not exactly the same thing.

The difference is very simple: the lamps have a base that fits many car models, but the headlights do not. Accordingly, if the headlights break, you will have to order a new kit, which is not cheap at the moment. True, the price of these products is gradually decreasing, but not as quickly as many car owners would like..

Unlike halogen and xenon lamps, LEDs do not dazzle oncoming drivers, although they shine in a bright white color. In addition, the level of energy consumption is several times lower in comparison with analogs. Plus, thanks to the waterproof and shockproof design, the LED bulbs can last over 10,000 hours.

Finally, each LED has its own reflector that is positioned at a precise angle. And this leads to the fact that the light beam is not scattered to the sides, as is the case with halogen headlights..

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